VOC regulation for construction products and floor coverings

The Royal Decree establishing threshold levels for the emissions to the indoor environment from construction products was published on Aug 18, 2014.

The regulation became mandatorily effective from Jan 1, 2015, for products to be traded on the Belgian market for the first time. A transition period till Sept 1, 2015, for products being put on the market before Sept 1, 2014 allowed an onward-sale.

The placing of products on the market without the respective product emissions files according to the regulation are not permitted since the quoted points of time.

Grandfathered from this regulation are floor covering products consisting of 100 % of natural stone, ceramic materials, glass or steel.

The basis of the Belgian decree is the European Construction Products Regulation (CPR). This is the third national regulation in Europe concerning emissions from construction products and joins the principles of the German Institute for Structural Engineering (DIBt) and the French A+ VOC regulation already in place.

Laboratory tests have to be performed by an ISO 17024 accredited test lab following the new so called horizontal European emission testing method EN 16516.

The emissions are measured after 28 days but are more comprehensive for Belgium than the French VOC regulation. DIBt and AgBB measurement, however, can be consulted in this context.

Further, test results already on hand, for example of adequate voluntary labels like the eco-INSTITUT-Label or Blue Angel, can be evaluated according to the Belgian regulation.

Overview European limit values after 28 days

Substance / Limit value after 28 Tagen AgBB 2018 Belgian VOC regulation 2014 French VOC regulation A+ 2011 Afsset 2009
TVOC ≤ 1000 μg/m3 ≤ 1000 μg/m3 ≤ 1000 μg/m3 ≤ 1000 μg/m3
TSVOC ≤ 100 μg/m3 ≤ 100 μg/m3 not defined not defined
Toloule 2900 μg/m3*) ≤ 300 μg/m3 < 300 μg/m3 300 μg/m3*)
Formaldehyde 100 μg/m3*) ≤ 100 μg/m3 < 10 μg/m3 ≤ 10 μg/m3
Acetaldhyde 1200 μg/m3*) ≤ 200 μg/m3 < 200 μg/m3 200 μg/m3*)
CMR 1A & 1B ≤ 1 μg/m3 ≤ 1 μg/m3 ≤ 1 μg/m3 (CMR regulation) ≤ 1 μg/m3 (CMR regulation)
R value ≤ 1 ≤ 1 ≤ 1 ≤ 1
TVOC w/o LCI ≤ 100 μg/m3 not defined not defined ≤ 100 μg/m3


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For the Belgian VOC regulation the following products can be tested* by eco-INSTITUT:
  • Floor coverings
  • Floor covering adhesives
  • Surface coatings for wooden flooring

*on the basis of AgBB scheme tests

**Please note: Manufacturers are responsible for ensuring that their products meet or fall below the limit values and are responsible for having the required product emission files available. Approvals by an official body are not required nor is there an official label.  eco-INSTITUT is ISO 17025 accredited and authorised to perform the respective tests.

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